Minecraft Servers Wiki
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Java Edition server software allows for Java Edition players to play on multiplayer servers. Official Java Edition server software includes Realms, with unofficial software being plenteous. Some unofficial server software can be found below.

Official Server Software[]

With every release, Mojang releases official server software. This is always available with every major release and snapshot.

Name Main Developer(s) Latest supported version Programming Language
Java Server Mojang Studios Latest Java

Plugins[]

Some un-official software allows you to run plugins natively in the game. These plugins and the software used to run them are not run or maintained by Mojang Studios.

Name Main Developer(s) Latest supported JE version Programming Language Remarks
Spigot md_5 1.17 Java Spigot is the continuation of CraftBukkit that is actively maintained and adds more functionality for plugin developers as well as server fixes and configurations.
Paper PaperMC 1.17


Java Paper is a fork of Spigot with a focus on performance enhancements. It also provides even more API for plugin developers and expose more server settings.
Tuinity SpottedLeaf 1.17 Java Tuinity is a fork of Paper that aims to be more optimized for high player count servers.
Airplane Technové 1.17

Kotlin

Airplane is also a fork of Paper that aims to optimize performance by reducing entity behaviour, among other features
SpongeVanilla Sponge 1.12.2 Java A server implementing the Sponge API, a different plugin API separate from the Bukkit API used by the above three. This implementation also includes some general improvements regarding performance and server settings.
CraftBukkit SpigotMC, Formerly The Bukkit Project 1.17 Java CraftBukkit added Plugin support to Minecraft and exposed some additional server settings. After it was abandoned by the BukkitDev team, SpigotMC took up development of it, to keep it up to date with the latest versions.
Purpur BillyGalbreath 1.17 Java Purpur is a drop-in replacement for Paper servers designed for configurability, new fun and exciting gameplay features, and high performance built on top of Tuinity and Airplane.

Modded[]

Some un-official software allows you to run modded versions of the game. These mods and the software used to run them are not run or maintained by Mojang Studios.

Name Main Developer(s) Latest supported JE version Programming Language Remarks
Forge Forge 1.17 Java Forge is a server software based on the MCP. Both the server and client need to be running the mods.
Fabric Fabric 1.17 Java Fabric, unlike Forge, is not based on the MCP. This allows it to be updated for snapshots easier. It is incompatible with Forge.

Plugins + Mods[]

Some un-official software allows you to run modded versions of the game as well as plugins. These mods, plugins and the software used to run them are not run or maintained by Mojang Studios.

Name Main Developer(s) Latest supported JE version Programming Language Remarks
SpongeForge Sponge 1.12.2 Java SpongeForge allows both SpongeVanila plugins as well as Forge mods on one server.
Magma Hexception 1.12.2 and 1.16.5 (in development) Java Minecraft Forge Hybrid server implementing the Spigot/Bukkit API (Cauldron for 1.12)
Mohist Mohist Community 1.16.5 Java Minecraft Forge Hybrid server implementing the Paper/Spigot/Bukkit API(1.12.2/1.16), formerly known as Thermos/Kettle/Cauldron/MCPC+
Arclight IzzelAliz 1.16.5 Java A Minecraft Bukkit(1.15/1.16) server implementation on Forge using Mixin
CatServer Luohuayu 1.12.2 Java A Minecraft 1.12.2 Forge+Bukkit+Spigot Hybrid server supporting most mods and plugins to run stably

Proxies[]

Some un-official software allows you to chain multiple servers together behind a proxy. This allows you to switch servers without actually leaving.

Name Main Developer(s) Supported JE version(s) Programming Language Remarks
Bungeecord SpigotMC 1.8 through 1.16.4 Java Bungeecord is a simple proxy software that allows you to switch servers.
Waterfall PaperMC 1.8 through 1.17 Java Waterfall is a fork of BungeeCord that aims to improve performance and stability as well as provide better support for Forge.
Travertine PaperMC 1.7 through 1.17 Java Travertine was a fork of Waterfall with 1.7 support. It has since been discontinued in favor of Velocity.
Velocity Velocity 1.7.2 through 1.17 Java Velocity is an independent software with added security.

Protocol Translators[]

Some un-official software allows you to connect to Bedrock edition servers from Java Edition or vice versa.

Name Main Developer(s) Supported JE version(s) Programming Language Remarks
BigBrother BigBrotherTeam, Shoghi Cervantes (Formerly) 1.12.2 and 1.16.4 PHP Requires PocketMine-MP Server software which supports Minecraft: Bedrock Edition and allows you to join from Java Edition
GeyserMC GeyserMC 1.17 Java Lets you join Java servers from a bedrock device. Available as a BungeeCord, Spigot, Sponge, Velocity plugin, Fabric Mod, or standalone to join any java server.
TunnelMC THEREALWWEFAN 1.16.5 Java Lets you join bedrock servers from a Java client. This is a Fabric mod to join any bedrock server.

NOTE: IT IS STILL IN EARLY DEVELOPMENT

See Also[]

Minecraft Coalition server software list

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